1.A.4.c.i Agriculture: Stationary Combustion

Last updated on 24 Jan 2013 17:05 by Kevin Hausmann

Short description


Under source catagory 1.A.4.c.i - Agriculture: Stationary Combustion emissions from smaller combustion plants in agricultural facilities and greenhouses are reported.

NFR-Code Name of Category Method AD EF Key Source for (by1)
1.A.4.c i Agriculture: Stationary Combustion T2, T3 NS CS No key source


Activity data

See 1.A.4. - Other: Stationary Combustion.

Emission factors

See 1.A.4. - Other: Stationary Combustion.

Table: Emission factors for commercial and institutional combustion installations

Pollutant NOx SOx NMVOC
Fuel [kg/TJ]
Hard Coal 76 332 48
Natural Wood 88 8.4 99
Light Heating Oil 44 60 2.6
Gaseous Fuel 27 0.5 0.36

Trend Discussion for Key Sources

The following charts give an overview and assistance for explainig dominant emission trends of selected pollutants.

Annual fluctuations of all fuel types in source catagory 1.A.4 depend on heat demand subject to winter temperatures. Between 1990 and 2010 the fuel use changed considerably from coal & lignite to natural gas. The consumption of light heating oil decreased as well. As the activity data for light heating oil is based on the sold amount, it fluctuates due to fuel prices and changing storage amounts.


Recalculations were necessary for the latest reference year (2009) due to the availability of the National Energy Balance. Germany has a federal structure which causes a time lack of the National Energy Balance. Therefore recalculations are always necessary.

Planned improvements

It´s planned to improve the time series consistency of all emission factors and to avaluate the results of a new study in order to revise all activity data.

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